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Educação numa sociedade científica

por beatriz j a, em 16.04.09




Le , hoje, um artigo sobre os benefícios do fim do trabalho individual e a apologia ao trabalho de grupo e à utilização das TIC e Wiki na aprendizagem - também por lá se misturam alhos e propósito talvez...



Du côté des enseignants, la plus forte réticence est liée au cahier de texte. Le mettre en ligne, c'est accepter que tout le monde voie et suive son travail. "On a encore des professeurs qui ont du mal avec l'espace numérique de travail. C'est un outil qui bouleverse les habitudes. On passe d'une pratique plus individuelle à une pratique plus collective. Or c'est plus difficile et plus long de préparer et de travailler en groupe que tout seul", estime M. Duclerq.


Bertrand Russel, num livro de 1931 que já citei aqui noutro postThe Scientific Outlook - e que se pode descarregar, inteirinho, em PDF, ou outro formato, aqui neste site →  dizia o seguinte, sobre as sociedades científicas do futuro (dele, presente nosso):


«The social effect of modern scientific technique is,
in practically all directions, to demand an increase
both in the size and intensity of organization. When
I speak of the intensity of organization I mean the
proportion of a man's activities that is governed by
the fact of his belonging to some social unit.

(...) The society of experts will control propaganda and education.

It is possible that

it may invent ingenious ways of concealing its own

power, leaving the forms of democracy intact, and

allowing the plutocrats or politicians to imagine

that they are cleverly controlling these forms.

Gradually, however, as the plutocrats become stupid

through laziness, they will lose their wealth; it will

pass more and more into public ownership and

be controlled by the government of experts.


Education in a scientific society may, I think, be

best conceived after the analogy of the education

provided by the Jesuits. The Jesuits provided one

sort of education for the boys who were to become

ordinary men of the world, and another for those

who were to become members of the Society of

Jesus. In like manner, the scientific rulers will

provide one kind of education for ordinary men and

women, and another for those who are to become

holders of scientific power.


Ordinary men and

women will be expected to be docile, industrious,

punctual, thoughtless, and contented. Of ihese

qualities probably contentment will be considered

the most important. In order to produce it, all the

researches of psycho-analysis, behaviourism, and

biochemistry will be brought into play.


All the boys and girls

will learn from an early age to be what is called

"co-operative," i.e. to do exactly what everybody

is doing. Initiative will be discouraged in these

children, and insubordination, without being punished,

will be scientifically trained out of them.

Their education throughout will be in great part

manual, and when their school years come to an

end they will be taught a trade. In deciding what

trade they are to adopt, experts will appraise their

aptitudes. Formal lessons, in so far as they exist,

will be conducted by means of the cinema or the

radio, so that one teacher can give simultaneous

lessons in all the classes throughout a whole country.


 The governing class.

Unlike the children destined to be manual workers, they

will have personal contact with their teacher, and

will be encouraged to argue with him. It will be his

business to prove himself in the right if he can, and,

if not, to acknowledge his error gracefully.


There will, however, be limits to intellectual freedom, even

among the children of the governing class. They will

not be allowed to question the value of science, or

the division of the population into manual workers

and experts. They will not be allowed to coquette

with the idea that perhaps poetry is as valuable as

scientific research.» (...)

(os excertos acima transcritos fui eu que seleccionei)


Há pessoas que são mesmo inteligentes e vêem claramente as coisas. Há outras que são estúpidas e não vêem nem o que se lhes põe à frente do nariz.

Outras acham-se muito inteligentes - na melhor das hipóteses são só 'chicos espertos' que medem os outros por si próprios e pensam, por isso,  que os enganam.




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